4-The shift is needed to stop diseases before they start and allow all people to be healthy. According to an article published by NCBI the US spends more on health care than any other country, yet our nation ranks lower than several other nations in life expectancy, infant mortality, and other health life indicators. Government is striving to change our current health care system and recognize prevention is essential.
Some preventative services that would be beneficial are smoking cessation screening, alcohol abuse screening, and aspirin use to the recommended levels. These preventative services along with improving lives heels save 3.7 billion in annually cost (Benjamin, 2011).
Nursing role is to inform people of preventative measures, such as immunizations, cancer screenings, tobacco free living, healthy eating, being active, injury and violence free, reproductive and sexual health, mental and emotional wellbeing, so they can make healthy choices (Benjamin, 2011). As nurses provide patients with the tools and information of these healthy choices they are able to access if patient’s need assistance with cost, transportation and other barriers that can prevent a patient from accessing these preventative services a great way is community programs such a clinic on wheels. Nurses can also volunteer in their community to provide teaching and preventative measures.
Benjamin, (2011). The National Prevention Strategy: Shifting the Nation’s Health-Care System. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3185312/